Researcher Falsely States That Energy Drinks Contain More Caffeine Than Coffee

Research by radiologists at the University of
Bonn
finds
that caffeine in energy drinks has cardiovascular effects
similar to those
of caffeine in other beverages. That’s not terribly surprising, but
it is bound to be seen in a sinister light given the media-driven
scare
 about these products, especially because one of the
researchers incorrectly states that energy drinks contain more
caffeine than coffee does. “The amount of caffeine is up to three
times higher than in other caffeinated beverages like coffee or
cola,”
said
 Jonas Dorner, who together with his collaborators
presented the findings of a heart imaging study at a meeting of the
Radiological Society of North America. “There are many side effects
known to be associated with a high intake of caffeine, including
rapid heart rate, palpitations, rise in blood pressure and, in
the most severe cases, seizures or sudden death.”

The implication is pretty clear: Energy drinks pose a
potentially deadly threat because they contain so much caffeine.
Yet the drinks that Dorner and his colleagues gave their 18
subjects contained 32 milligrams of caffeine per 100 milliliters,
compared to 76 milligrams per 100 milliliters for
Starbucks coffee
. So Starbucks coffee contains more than twice
as much caffeine per milliliter as energy drinks, as opposed to
one-third as much, as Dorner suggests. That’s a pretty big
mistake—and one that is likely to be repeated in future coverage of
this issue because it jibes with the attention-grabbing claim that
energy drinks are more dangerous than other caffeinated
beverages.

In any event, the effects observed by Dorner and his colleagues
are not very alarming:

Compared to the baseline images, results of cardiac MRI
performed one hour after the study participants consumed the energy
drink revealed significantly increased peak strain and peak
systolic strain rates (measurements for contractility) in the left
ventricle of the heart. The heart’s left ventricle receives
oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it to the aorta, which
distributes it throughout the rest of the body.

“We don’t know exactly how or if this greater contractility of
the heart impacts daily activities or athletic performance,” Dr.
Dorner said. “We need additional studies to understand this
mechanism and to determine how long the effect of the energy drink
lasts.”

The researchers found no significant differences in heart
rate, blood pressure or the amount of blood ejected from the left
ventricle of the heart between the volunteers’ baseline and second
MRI exams.

“We’ve shown that energy drink consumption has a short-term
impact on cardiac contractility,” Dr. Dorner said. “Further studies
are needed to evaluate the impact of long-term energy drink
consumption and the effect of such drinks on individuals with heart
disease.”

In other words, this study does not document any harmful or
lasting effects from consuming energy drinks. And if caffeine poses
a risk to people with heart disease, that risk presumably would be
greater in the case of coffee, which supplies a bigger dose. If the
caffeine in coffee does not scare you, there is no reason, aside
from alarmist press coverage, why the caffeine in energy drinks
should.

from Hit & Run http://reason.com/blog/2013/12/02/researcher-falsely-states-that-energy-dr
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Jerry Brito on Cellphones in Airplanes

AirplaneWhen it was announced last
month that the Federal Aviation Administration was relaxing the
rules on personal electronic devices during take-off and landing on
commercial passenger flights, Americans rejoiced. No longer would
we have to suffer the indignity of staring blankly at the tray
table before us for the 15 minutes it takes a flight to reach
cruising altitude, or worse, touch ink-stained dead tree bits to
occupy ourselves. Yet, notes Jerry Brito, when the Federal
Communications Commission soon thereafter similarly announced that
it to was reconsidering its prohibitions on in-flight cell phone
use, all hell broke loose. Let’s give it a try before freaking out,
he suggests.

View this article.

from Hit & Run http://reason.com/blog/2013/12/02/jerry-brito-on-cellphones-in-airplanes
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Cops in Iceland Fatally Shoot First Person Ever in Their History

ísland?From the island that was once the location,
a
millennium ago,
of maybe the closest a society’s come to pure
libertarianism comes news that Iceland’s had its
first police shooting
in history.
Via euronews
:

According to an Icelandic news agency, an armed man in
his fifties had been making threats to his neighbours, prompting
police to evacuate the apartment building where he lived.

Shortly after 05:00 am local time the man started to fire shots
from a window. Police returned fire. According to eyewitnesses,
some sort of smoke bomb was thrown into the apartment through a
broken window. Armed police entered the apartment of the gunman at
around 06:00 am and the man was shot in the process. He was taken
out in a stretcher and taken to hospital before being pronounced
dead.

Other European countries have similar track records. Police in
Germany
shot 85 rounds
in all of 2011. Iceland, though, is different.
Unlike much of Western Europe, the country is “awash with guns.”
It also has one of the lowest violent crime rates in the world. But
strict gun laws aren’t useful in preventing police shootings
anyway—witness
Chicago
, the number of puppycides
that enter the news cycle, and the
various

police

shooting

stories

that

involve

no

firearms
, except the police’s.

from Hit & Run http://reason.com/blog/2013/12/02/cops-in-iceland-fatally-shoot-first-pers
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Goldman Slashes Q4 2013 GDP Growth To 1.3%

Of the 92 firms that offer their guesses at the GDP data, Goldman is now 6th lowest as today’s construction spending disappointment pressured their estimate for Q4 2013 GDP to a mere 1.3%. Deutsche Bank’s Joe Lavorgna still tops the list at 3.5% – so quite a dispersion.

 

 


    



via Zero Hedge http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/zerohedge/feed/~3/HEVoRlKJqRs/story01.htm Tyler Durden

Same-Sex Marriage Now Legal in Hawaii, Dozens of Couples Marry

Dozens of
same-sex couples got married in Hawaii today after a law legalizing
gay marriage came into effect at midnight.

Hawaii is the fifteenth state to legalize gay marriage.

From
Reuters
:

(Reuters) – Dozens of same-sex couples tied the knot in Hawaii
early Monday as a new law allowing gay couples to marry went into
effect at midnight.

Between 30 and 40 couples were being married at the Sheraton
Waikiki Hotel in Honolulu starting just after midnight local time
(0500 ET), a hotel employee, who asked not to be named, told
Reuters.

Three hours later, the ceremonies were still being performed and
no protesters had shown up, the employee said. Photos posted on
social media sites depicted flowers and chandeliers, wedding
dresses and Hawaiian shirts, and leis on celebrating guests.

Follow these stories and more at Reason 24/7 and don’t forget you
can e-mail stories to us at 24_7@reason.com and tweet us
at @reason247.

from Hit & Run http://reason.com/blog/2013/12/02/same-sex-marriage-now-legal-in-hawaii-d
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Putin Announces Russia Not Involved In Ukraine Unrest, Says Local Events Are Not A “Revolution” – Live Stream

While events in the Ukraine continue down a very slippery path, and just a few short minutes ago the Prime Minister Azarov fired the Kiev chief of Police who got into hot water over the weekend for various clips showing Police brutality in dealing with demonstrators, one specific party that is keeping a very close eye on the ongoing developments is Russian leader Vladimir Putin who scored a major victory over Europe when he managed to realign the Ukraine away from the EU and sign a trade pact with the “European bread basket” nation, an event which according to the prevailing narrative the main reason for the surge in civil discontent as hundreds of thousands took to the streets over the weekend. As such, it is important to keep track of news not only from Kiev but also from Moscow. One such update which came moments ago was the following:

  • President Vladimir Putin has said Russia respects any choice made by Ukraine, Dmitry Peskov tells Bloomberg in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • Russia not in talks with Ukraine on loans, bailout
  • Russia not involved in current unrest in Ukraine: Peskov

This came just hours after Putin stated that events unfolding in Ukraine should not be described as a revolution, but were rather more reminiscent of a “pogrom.

In other words, Russia is most certainly in talks with the Ukraine on loans, and one can bet any amount ok kopeks that Russia is involved in the current unrest, if not formally then certainly informally. Furthermore, since a grand geopolitical realignment appears to be taking shape in Eastern Europe, it was inevitable that some promptly suggested that the CIA’s involvement in local events, with an eye toward destabilizing the government, is tangible. To be sure this would be right out of the CIA playbook (see Libya and Egypt).

Which also means keep an eye on Brent, which has finally awoken to the instability in the Ukraine.

Also keep track of what president Yanukovich is doing: Reuters reported that he will travel to China as planned on a state visit, a television anchorman said, summarising the interview. A visit, or a potential asylum bid if things spiral out of control?

Finally, for those who enjoy keeping tabs on current events, below is a live streaming link from Kiev.

Live streaming video by Ustream


    



via Zero Hedge http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/zerohedge/feed/~3/9Sg_9k57Drg/story01.htm Tyler Durden

Putin Announces Russia Not Involved In Ukraine Unrest, Says Local Events Are Not A "Revolution" – Live Stream

While events in the Ukraine continue down a very slippery path, and just a few short minutes ago the Prime Minister Azarov fired the Kiev chief of Police who got into hot water over the weekend for various clips showing Police brutality in dealing with demonstrators, one specific party that is keeping a very close eye on the ongoing developments is Russian leader Vladimir Putin who scored a major victory over Europe when he managed to realign the Ukraine away from the EU and sign a trade pact with the “European bread basket” nation, an event which according to the prevailing narrative the main reason for the surge in civil discontent as hundreds of thousands took to the streets over the weekend. As such, it is important to keep track of news not only from Kiev but also from Moscow. One such update which came moments ago was the following:

  • President Vladimir Putin has said Russia respects any choice made by Ukraine, Dmitry Peskov tells Bloomberg in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • Russia not in talks with Ukraine on loans, bailout
  • Russia not involved in current unrest in Ukraine: Peskov

This came just hours after Putin stated that events unfolding in Ukraine should not be described as a revolution, but were rather more reminiscent of a “pogrom.

In other words, Russia is most certainly in talks with the Ukraine on loans, and one can bet any amount ok kopeks that Russia is involved in the current unrest, if not formally then certainly informally. Furthermore, since a grand geopolitical realignment appears to be taking shape in Eastern Europe, it was inevitable that some promptly suggested that the CIA’s involvement in local events, with an eye toward destabilizing the government, is tangible. To be sure this would be right out of the CIA playbook (see Libya and Egypt).

Which also means keep an eye on Brent, which has finally awoken to the instability in the Ukraine.

Also keep track of what president Yanukovich is doing: Reuters reported that he will travel to China as planned on a state visit, a television anchorman said, summarising the interview. A visit, or a potential asylum bid if things spiral out of control?

Finally, for those who enjoy keeping tabs on current events, below is a live streaming link from Kiev.

Live streaming video by Ustream


    



via Zero Hedge http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/zerohedge/feed/~3/9Sg_9k57Drg/story01.htm Tyler Durden

Inflation Watch 2013; Price Of Christmas Surges 7.7%

Over the past 30 years, the rise in the price of Christmas according to PNC’s annual 12-days-of-Christmas price index has matched the CPI at around 2.9% YoY. However, in recent years, the reality is considerably worse than the well-managed inflation data the government profers. The price of Christmas in 2013 is up a stunning 7.7% over 2012 – the biggest jump since 2010′ 9.2% rise. The biggest driver of the increase were the dancing ladies (must be the minimum wage decree?) though 8 items saw modest increases also. Once again, it seems the government’s benign inflation data is fictionalized by reality’s rising price of everything.

 

 

Source: PNC


    



via Zero Hedge http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/zerohedge/feed/~3/BemdWW0fOBE/story01.htm Tyler Durden