A Modest Proposal Indeed: Academia Considers Cannibalism

Authored by Graham Dockery via RT.com,

The thought-leaders and philosophers of the Western world have recently turned their attention to a rather radical method of reducing our carbon footprint and self-regulating the Earth’s population.

Ever since we diverged from our chimpanzee cousins five million years ago, human beings have picked up a diverse skillset. We sharpened rocks into axes, mastered fire, built civilizations and came up with the atomic bomb. It’s been a rocky couple of eons, but one thing we’ve managed to completely leave behind is the ultimate taboo: cannibalism.

However, is there a small but dedicated cannibal lobby working to reclaim it from psychopathic, penis-devouring killers and Liberian warlords? Despite some odd clickbait headlines, positive coverage of cannibalism in the media is all but nonexistent.

Academics, however, are unconstrained by nasty ‘social constructs’ like morality, ethics and ‘not eating your grandmother.’ Far away from the real world, professors steeped in postmodernism – a doctrine that reigns supreme in social science departments and rejects notions of objective reality – have been suggesting for some time that we embrace our inner beast and break the taboo.

“Cannibalism occurs in every class of vertebrates,” wrote American Museum of Natural History researcher Bill Schutt in ‘Cannibalism: A Perfectly Natural History.’ After discussing which wine pairs best with human placenta, Schutt mused whether one day food shortages and overcrowding might lead us to eat our own. The New York Times, incidentally, called the book “refreshing.” Additionally, researchers at UC San Diego declared in 2017 that as cannibalism helps limit the spread of disease in some species, it could benefit us too.

“We are flipping the paradigm, with regards to cannibalism,” the researchers said, with an accompanying press release from the university declaring “For some populations, cannibalism may be just what the doctor ordered.”

While actual scientists research the nitty-gritty of eating corpses, social scientists busy themselves pondering its cultural significance. Last year, a conference was held at the University of Warwick, entitled “Bites Here and There,” where such topics as “Help Yourself: Autophagy as Response to Global Crises,”“Cannibalism and Intimacy,” and “‘Ethical’ Foodways: Justifying Cannibalism in Contemporary Speculative Fiction” were discussed.

Despite persuading their test subjects with several moral and ethical arguments in favor of cannibalism, the authors of one research paper packed it in when they found that, no matter what the circumstances, these subjects refused to eat human flesh. However, they did offer a ray of hope for aspiring autophagists, noting that while chowing down on corpses disgusts us “for now,” we should “be able to adapt to human flesh if need be.”

It’s easy to mock the notions of academics, who are after all paid to think up abstract ideas and publish impenetrable research papers. But their ideas tend to percolate down into mainstream media, and from there into our culture.

The idea that insects could replace meat as a viable food source was the stuff of science and academia for decades, and a slow but steady trickle of research papers lent weight to the argument. In true postmodernist fashion, anthropologists argued that our revulsion at eating winged, flying, crawling monsters was nothing more than another social construct to be overturned.

Fast forward to today, and we’re told that insects are the delicious, nutritious, and the solution to our planet’s woes. Newspaper think-pieces and cable news segments trumpet the virtues of eating bugs almost daily. Sainsbury’s now stock ‘Eat Grub’s Smoky BBQ Crunchy Roasted Crickets’ in the snack aisle, and Dutch retailer Jumbo has been selling mealworm burgers and crunchy locusts since 2014.

At the risk of making a massive generalization, people buy edible insects for only two reasons: curiosity and virtue signaling. “Look at me!” they can say. “I’m ahead of the curve. I’m part of the solution, not the problem.” The customer base for edible insects likely overlaps significantly with the soulless millenials who pay good money to consume trendy soy-slop from companies like Huel and Soylent in place of solid food.

And so it may well go with cannibalism. Whether the taboo is broken by the slow and steady work of academics, or bucked by one forward-thinking influencer, once man-flesh enters the mainstream it might not be long before thousands are lining up for their first bite. And who knows, maybe they’ll even ask for seconds.  

via ZeroHedge News https://ift.tt/2HDDQQV Tyler Durden

5 Dead, At Least 20 Injured In Another Texas Mass Shooting, Suspect Shot & Killed


  • At least 5 dead (NBC News)

  • At least 20 more injured

  • At least 3 police injured

  • Trooper tried a traffic stop; was shot

  • Shooter continued on with a shooting rampage

  • Suspect stole a mail truck

  • Multiple law enforcement officers and many victims shot in multiple locations during rampage

  • Suspect: White male in his mid-30s, Shot and killed

*  *  *

Update (1900ET): Texas Gov. Abbott on the Odessa-Midland attack, which comes less than a month after the El Paso attack: “I want to remind all Texans that we will not allow the Lone Star State to be overrun by hatred and violence.”

*  *  *

As we detailed earlier, at least two people have been killed and dozens more reportedly injured in Texas, where people were randomly shot at from vehicles in Midland and Odessa.

One suspect has been shot and killed during arrest.

Midland mayor, Jerry Morales, said that two victims of the shootings have died. 

“We have two fatalities and up to 20 injuries,” Morales told the New York Times.

Midland police initially said on social media that they believe are two shooters in two different vehicles.

“The two vehicles in question are: gold/white small Toyota truck and a USPS Postal Van.”

NBC News reports that the shooter was believed to be using interstate 20 in Odessa and nearby Midland during the attack, the sources said.

But, since then the Midland Police Department has confirmed that a gunmen was shot and killed, adding that officers have been looking into reports of other possible suspects.

President Trump confirmed he has been briefed on the situation:

Beto O’Rourke:

“Our hearts are with Midland, Odessa, and everyone in West Texas who has to endure this again. More information is forthcoming, but here’s what we know: We need to end this epidemic.

As The Daily Star reports, this shooting comes just days after Odessa was ranked as one of the least safe cities in Texas. The city came in 132nd out of a total of 141 cities in Texas with a population over 10,000. Midland fared better, coming in at 71st but Big Spring was ranked at 128th.

via ZeroHedge News https://ift.tt/2MMXgXG Tyler Durden

Recession Red Flag: The Wealthy Aren’t Spending

Authored by Mac Slavo via SHTFplan.com,

Another recession warning has surfaced.  The wealthier Americans have cut back on their consumerism and spending, which could be a signal that the recession is right around the corner.

Many economists and analysts have said that the backbone of the American economy is the consumer. But according to CNBC, the wealthiest consumers have cut their spending while the middle class continues. The rich have cut their spending on everything from homes to jewelry and those personal spending cuts are sparking fears of a “trickle-down recession.”  From real estate and retail stores to classic cars and art, the weakest segment of the American economy right now is the very top. While the middle class and broader consumer sections continue to spend, economists say the sudden pullback among the wealthy could cascade down to the rest of the economy and create a further drag on growth.

According to Redfin, sales of homes priced at $1.5 million or more fell 5% in the United States in the second quarter. Unsold mansions and penthouses are piling up across the country, especially in ritzy resort towns, with a nearly three-year supply of luxury listings in Aspen, Colorado, and the Hamptons in New York.  The top income earners have cut back, either in preparation(to save more) or out of non-necessity, and perhaps it’s time others take notice.

Retailers to the 1% are faring the worst, with famed Barney’s filing for bankruptcy and Nordstrom posting three consecutive quarterly declines in revenue. Meanwhile, Wal-Mart and Target, which cater to the everyday consumer, are reporting stronger-than-expected traffic and growth.

At this month’s massive Pebble Beach car auctions, known for smashing price records, the most expensive cars faltered on the auction block. Less than half of the cars offered for $1 million or more were able to sell. But cars priced at under $75,000 sold quickly — many for far more than their estimates.

In the first half of 2019, art auction sales were down for the first time in years. Sales at Sotheby’s dropped 10% and Christie’s auction sales were down 22% from a year ago. –CNBC

The top 10% of earners account for nearly half of all consumer outlays, according to Mark Zandi, the chief economist at Moody’s Analytics. But their spending has fallen over the past two years, while spending for the middle class has accelerated. “If high-income consumers pull back any further on their spending, it will be a significant threat to the economic expansion,” Zandi said.

The savings of the rich has also exploded, more than doubling over the past two years, suggesting that the wealthy are hoarding cash. This is why they are wealthy and will remain so long after a recession.  Perhaps we should all take a lesson from the rich and emulate them if we want to have a lot of money and financially survive the next recession.

The middle earners, or those in the 40% to 89.9% of the income distribution, have largely picked up the spending slack from the rich, whether they could afford to or not. “If job growth slows any further, unemployment will begin to rise, (the middle earners) will pack it in, resulting in an economic downturn,” Zandi said.

via ZeroHedge News https://ift.tt/2Zt1b2K Tyler Durden

He Went for a Big Gulp; “He Ended up Shooting 2 Robbers, Killing 1”

Check out this news story from Thursday’s Virginian-Pilot (Jane Harper); I found it especially because it’s unusually rich in personal detail. A brief excerpt:

The officers looked stunned as they surveyed the scene, he said. The man immediately recognized one of them: She’d been among the officers who came to his mother’s and stepfather’s house for the domestic disturbance hours earlier.

“She was about the third one to come around the corner, and her eyes got so big when she saw me,” he said with a laugh. “I was just like, ‘Look lady, I don’t even know how to explain how I got here.'”

Thanks to Glenn Reynolds (InstaPundit) for the pointer.

from Latest – Reason.com https://ift.tt/2HBF4Ms

Fitch Confirms Lower Interest Rates Have Yet To Spark Home-Buyer Demand

Fitch Ratings suggests in a new report that declining interest rates won’t be enough to spark a rebound in housing market activity for 2H19, with affordability concerns and a lack of supply remaining as a significant constraint.

Almost 40 weeks of declining mortgage rates haven’t led to a jump in housing market activity in the US, but rather a decline in home price growth across the country, as per data published via S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller’s 20-City Composite price index on Tuesday.

Here are Fitch’s top three ideas for why lower interest rates are probably not going to spark an increase in housing activity in 2H19: lack of new housing supply for first-time homebuyers and others who want a new build; mortgage lenders unable to handle the capacity due to cutbacks made in anticipation of 2019 being a sluggish year; and most borrowers refinanced in 2016 when rates were at the same levels as they were today.

Fitch estimates housing starts could rise by 1% this year, with new home sales expected to increase by 2% YoY.

Existing home sales are expected to “decline modestly” this year, mostly due to the lack of inventory for starter homes.

Fitch says builders have responded to the inventory shortfall by constructing new affordable homes to keep up with demand, while more expensive homes are seeing accelerated price cuts.

Some of the homebuilders Fitch monitors have already shifted to building more affordable homes, the ones who did saw net orders improve.

The report found that building affordable homes today is almost near impossible thanks to the increasing cost of the build, tariffs, and labor costs.

“Affordability issues driven by price appreciation continue to constrain the housing market, with rising input costs for homebuilders further exacerbated by tariff considerations,” Fitch noted.

Fitch also suggests refinancing activity could remain depressed. It said this constraint could have an impact on housing market activity. Lenders aren’t adequately staffed to deal with the surge in refinancing this year, the industry as a whole prepared for higher rates in 2019.

“Lower interest rates historically have ushered in higher levels of fee income from mortgage originations for banks, both in purchase and refinancing activity,” Fitch writes. “However, from a practical standpoint, banks may not be staffed for a surge in refi activity, as the industry was until recently expecting higher rates.”

And despite the 40-week decline in rates, the 30-year fixed mortgage rate is back to levels not seen since 2016.

“The 30-year mortgage hasn’t moved very much despite the relative volatility of the 10-year, and many households that would be considering refinancing may have done so over the past few years,” Fitch analysts wrote in the report.

What is most shocking is that the rapid decline in rates hasn’t triggered home buying demand:

“Lower mortgage rates have yet to lead to a notable rise in home buyer demand,” said Joel Kan, MBA’s associate vice president of economic and industry forecasting. “Purchase applications fell more than 3%, but were still 5% higher than a year ago.”

Last year this time, Bank of America rang the proverbial bell on the US real estate market, saying existing home sales have peaked, reflecting declining affordability, greater price reductions and deteriorating housing sentiment.

BoFA Chief economist Michelle Meyer warned that “the housing market is no longer a tailwind for the economy but rather a headwind.”

“Call your realtor,” the BofA note proclaimed: “We are calling it: existing home sales have peaked.”

With that being said, the housing market has likely topped and possibly preparing for a contraction into 2020. It now should make sense why President Trump is begging for 100bps rate cuts, quantitative easing, and an emergency payroll tax cut. The market is rolling over.

via ZeroHedge News https://ift.tt/2NHGwk7 Tyler Durden

He Went for a Big Gulp; “He Ended up Shooting 2 Robbers, Killing 1”

Check out this news story from Thursday’s Virginian-Pilot (Jane Harper); I found it especially because it’s unusually rich in personal detail. A brief excerpt:

The officers looked stunned as they surveyed the scene, he said. The man immediately recognized one of them: She’d been among the officers who came to his mother’s and stepfather’s house for the domestic disturbance hours earlier.

“She was about the third one to come around the corner, and her eyes got so big when she saw me,” he said with a laugh. “I was just like, ‘Look lady, I don’t even know how to explain how I got here.'”

Thanks to Glenn Reynolds (InstaPundit) for the pointer.

from Latest – Reason.com https://ift.tt/2HBF4Ms

YouTube Says It’s “More Important Than Ever” To Be Open Platform – One Day After Massive Banning Spree

Authored by Chris Menahan via ActivistPost.com,

CEO Susan Wojcicki said Tuesday that it’s “more important than ever” for YouTube to remain an “open platform” just one day after going on a massive banning spree targeting right-wingers for so-called “hate speech.”

Amazingly, this is not satire.

From Vox, “YouTube’s CEO says it’s ‘more important than ever’ to let people upload anything they want”:

Can the world’s largest video company continue to let its 2 billion users upload anything they want, whenever they want?

Yes, says the woman who runs that company: In a letter addressed to creators on YouTube, CEO Susan Wojcicki says the platform is committed to remaining open because she thinks the upside of that approach very much outweighs the downside.

This isn’t a new idea, and it’s one that Wojcicki, along with people who run other giant tech platforms, say in private all the time. But Wojcicki is saying it again, today, as critics are increasingly questioning if it’s a philosophy that works for tech companies at a global scale. […]

“I believe preserving an open platform is more important than ever,” Wojcicki writes in a quarterly note aimed at YouTube’s most ardent users, who upload videos onto the site for fun and profit. While that note is usually dedicated to celebrating YouTube’s wide swath of creators, this one spends most of its time defending the idea that YouTube will continue to keep its doors open to anyone who wants to post just about anything on the site.

We’re reaching levels of propaganda never before thought possible.

*  *  *

It’s absolutely appalling that the vast majority of Americans are fine with censorship and force being used against other human beings as long as their view is the only one that gets attention. YouTube is definitely lying and pushing propaganda. It is not an “open platform” if people can be banned for saying things the establishment doesn’t like.

via ZeroHedge News https://ift.tt/2NHnH0t Tyler Durden

iPhones Hacked As Malware Infected “Thousands Of Users A Week” For Years

Thousands of iPhone users per week have been subject to an unprecedented 2.5-year hacking operation which was finally disrupted in January, according to researchers at Google’s external security team and reported by The Guardian

iPhone users who visited a ‘small collection of hacked websites’ would then be subject to a malware download. 

Users were compromised simply by visiting the sites: no interaction was necessary, and some of the methods used by the hackers affected even fully up-to-date phones. –The Guardian

After becoming infected, the hackers had access to a user’s location, keychain (containing all their passwords), chat histories on popular apps such as iMessage, WhatsApp and Telegram, their address book, and their Gmail database

As the Guardian notes, the silver lining to the hack is that once a user’s phone was restarted, the hack became inactive unless the user went back to a compromised site. That said, according to Google security researcher Ian Beer “Given the breadth of information stolen, the attackers may nevertheless be able to maintain persistent access to various accounts and services by using the stolen authentication tokens from the keychain, even after they lose access to the device.”

A total of 14 bugs were found across five different “exploit chains” for this particular iOS attack, allowing a hacker to ‘hop’ from exploit to exploit, increasing their grip on a user’s information each time. 

“This was a failure case for the attacker,” said Beer – a member of Google’s white-hat hacking group, Project Zero. “For this one campaign that we’ve seen, there are almost certainly others that are yet to be seen.” 

All that users can do is be conscious of the fact that mass exploitation still exists and behave accordingly; treating their mobile devices as both integral to their modern lives, yet also as devices which when compromised, can upload their every action into a database to potentially be used against them.” 

Google reported their findings to Apple on February 1, after which the company released a patched OS update six days later. 

via ZeroHedge News https://ift.tt/2ZvOG5C Tyler Durden

The Hollow Promise Of A Statist Economy

Authored by EconomicPrism’s MN Gordon, annotated by Acting-Man’s Pater Tenebrarum,

Brainwashed by Academe

Not a day goes by that doesn’t supply a new specimen of inane disclarity.  Muddy ideas are dredged up from tainted minds like lumps of odorous pond muck.  We do our part to clean up the mess, whether we want to or not.

No longer in demand: famous Enlightenment philosopher John Locke (1632–1704), who is widely considered the “Father of Liberalism” (classical liberalism, that is). [PT]

These days, individuals, who like John Locke “love truth for truth’s sake,” are far and away in the minority.  Out of the bowels of America’s higher learning institutions comes a young populace with soiled brains.  What’s more, you will likely end up on the hook for their idiocy.

Take one Andy Vila, for instance.  The 21 year old immigrated from Cuba to Miami with his parents in 2004, receiving asylum and ultimately citizenship.  Nonetheless, the socialism he escaped from as a kid has become a rallying cry for his political activism.

The fantasy that big government can redirect goods, capital, and services, as Marx remarked, “from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs,” has garnered burgeoning support from America’s up and comers.

The anatomy of this transformation travels a common path.  For Vila, who as a teen identified as a “Libertarian-style Republican,” several dosages of fake learning took him down the rabbit hole:

“Course readings led him to question his beliefs further.  He started attending left-leaning campus events, interacting with students of varying racial and socioeconomic backgrounds.  He discovered a Miami beyond his manicured suburban neighborhood.

“By year’s end [2017], he had developed a disdain for capitalism and the political right. Now the sociology and geography major wants sweeping reforms, including Medicare for all, free access to higher education and a Green New Deal.”

Karl Marx, hewn in stone. Regardless of the piles of dead bodies left in the wake of “real socialism” and regardless of the utter economic failures Marxist ideology has produced (without exception), Marxism is once again gaining in popularity. It is not surprising that many so-called “intellectuals” are Marxists – quite a few of them are envious of businessmen, whom they regard as intellectually inferior and hence not deserving of the money they make. Moreover, nowadays most intellectuals are employed by the State and won’t bite the hand that feeds them. To quote Hans-Hermann Hoppe

 “Intellectuals are now typically public employees, even if they work for nominally private institutions or foundations. Almost completely protected from the vagaries of consumer demand (“tenured”), their number has dramatically increased and their compensation is on average far above their genuine market value. At the same time the quality of their intellectual output has constantly fallen. What you will discover is mostly irrelevance and incomprehensibility. Worse, insofar as today’s intellectual output is at all relevant and comprehensible, it is viciously statist. There are exceptions, but if practically all intellectuals are employed in the multiple branches of the state, then it should hardly come as a surprise that most of their ever-more voluminous output will, either by commission or omission, be statist propaganda.”  [PT]

Tard Buckets “R” Us

One of the great conceits disseminated by fake education is that anyone and everyone can use the political system to remake the world in their image.  The popular image of Vila and his cohorts includes free drugs, free college, and an abundance of high paying green jobs.  Moreover, a socialist government is their chosen method for realizing this supposed utopia.

How to pay for all the “free” stuff…  [PT]

Truly, the world is what you make of it for these young socialists. Immutable principles of reality, truth, and arithmetic do not matter.  What matters are warm fuzzies with vegan chocolates and pulling rabbits from magician hats.  What matters are good intentions over bad decisions and entrusting dreamers and schemers to deliver the more abundant life.

Socialism, under their new and softer visions, is no longer a system of statist control that makes everyone – except the ruling elite – equally poor.  Rather, it’s a corner discount store – such as Tard Buckets “R” Us – where you can pick and choose the socialism of your liking.

We wish we were making this up.  But we’re not.  In fact, according to University of California, Irvine, political sociologist, Edwin Amenta:

“Today’s socialism for younger people means the Canadian health system and the Swedish welfare state.”

Somehow Amenta speaks this drivel with a straight face.  And somehow the tard buckets nod their heads in unison, looking past the Venezuelan food program option as they make their selections.

Different wants and needs…  [PT]

The whole exercise is absolutely ludicrous, if you’re in the mood for a practical joke.  Yet this is the distorted conception of political economy that policies of mass money debasement have wrought.

The Hollow Promise of a Statist Economy

The present arrangement is both elegant and absurd in its crude simplicity.  Here we will attempt to boil it down to its crystalline essence…

The Federal Reserve fixes the price of money by centrally planning the federal funds rate.  Their fake money – i.e., debt based legal tender – can be created without limits.  The over-issuance of fake money, above and beyond what the economy demands, distorts prices, including those of stocks, bonds, and property.

Inflated asset prices concentrate wealth in the hands of the few, at the expense of the many. To be clear, this present arrangement has little resemblance with capitalism. To the contrary, it has everything to do with a centrally planned economy via centrally planned capital markets.  The effects of greater instability and greater wealth disparity are dreadful.

The distortion of relative prices along the stages of production when interest rates are artificially suppressed and exchanges of “nothing for something” are set into motion by the creation of new money ex nihilo (for additional background information see also: “The Production Structure”, “Business Cycles and Inflation – Part 1 and Part 2” and “Forced Saving”) [PT]

Still, Vila and the young socialists want to resist it with statist solutions of extreme government intervention.  They want planners in Washington to exact private wealth and redirect it to some noble and arbitrary inkling of the collective’s greater good. They don’t have a clue.

Without market-determined prices for goods and services, including market-determined interest rates, discovered through free exchange, it is impossible to establish prices that reflect actual conditions.

Without prices that are grounded in reality, the production and consumption relationship becomes distorted. In the absence of the natural corrective mechanism of market-determined prices, oversupply and scarcity conditions extend out to absurdity.

Unfortunately, the young socialists are uninterested in these truths.  Not when the goal of hard work and paying one’s way in life has been reduced to a game for suckers.  Not when apathy and a life on the dole is filled with such hollow promise.

via ZeroHedge News https://ift.tt/2PyHTV3 Tyler Durden

“Harm to Reputation Is Insufficient to Overcome the Strong Presumption in Favor of Public Access …”

From Kiwewa v. Postmaster General, 2019 WL 4122013 (6th Cir. Mar. 26, 2019) (nonprecedential) (just recently made available on Westlaw):

In 2013, the United States Postal Service terminated [Willy] Kiwewa due to alleged performance issues and failure to follow rules and regulations. Kiwewa thereafter filed an employment-discrimination suit pursuant to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The parties consented to final disposition of the proceedings by a magistrate judge, who granted summary judgment in favor of the Postmaster General. We affirmed the district court’s judgment.

While his appeal was pending in this court, Kiwewa filed a motion to seal the district-court record. He argued that online access to the summary-judgment order was preventing him from being hired, that his minor children could be identified through their shared last name, and that the record contained his date of birth and other sensitive information….

The public has a “presumptive right … to inspect and copy judicial documents and files[,]” and “[o]nly the most compelling reasons can justify non-disclosure of judicial records.” In balancing these factors, a court may “consider, among other things, the competing interests of the defendant’s right to a fair trial, the privacy rights of participants or third parties, trade secrets, and national security.” Where a court concludes that a compelling reason exists to seal records, “‘the seal itself must be narrowly tailored to serve that reason,’ and should ‘analyze in detail, document by document, the propriety of secrecy, providing reasons and legal citations.'”

The district court did not abuse its discretion. First, Kiwewa merely alleged harm to his reputation by asserting that online access to the summary-judgment order was preventing him from being hired. Harm to reputation is insufficient to overcome the strong presumption in favor of public access, especially where, as here, the party who filed the suit alleges harm from the public availability of the record.

Second, Kiwewa’s assertion that his minor children could be identified through their shared last name and would suffer harm is too attenuated to constitute a compelling reason to seal the record. His children were not named or otherwise mentioned in the record.

Third, Kiwewa failed to identify accurately below any place in the record that contained his date of birth or other sensitive information. His sole reference to a page in the record that purportedly contained his date of birth was incorrect. The three citations identified for the first time in his appellate brief are not properly before the court. In any event, Kiwewa’s social security number was properly redacted in the only cited document filed by the defendant. And Kiwewa waived his right to privacy protection under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 5.2(a) by filing the other two documents without redaction and without moving to file them under seal. Thus, Kiwewa did not meet his burden of overcoming the presumption of openness.

Magistrate Judge Karen L. Litkovitz’s opinion below discusses this in greater detail.

from Latest – Reason.com https://ift.tt/30MWtcJ